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Phoenix Rising believes group sessions or group therapy should be a place to learn about yourself through the experiences of others under the guidance of a facillitator. There are many types of group modalities, such as task, therapeutic, and dramaturgy. Each type is steeped in it's own theories, which create the norms and pathways to inspire your personal journey.
Task groups are the most common type of modality. Task groups typically utilize a step or level that the group members work towards through discussion and predetermined assignments. Task groups are commonly referred to as "self help" groups and are not intended to be steeped in psychotherapy. According to Phillis Solomon there are 5 theories utilized in self help groups, they are as follows:
Therapeutic Groups are less restrictive and far more psychotherapeutic than a task group. Many of the usual advantages of the group process named above will happen in a therapeutic group. However theoretically following Irvin Yalom's group Principles below, our facilitators will guide the members toward understanding our fit within our social and personal realms, responsibility of actions, catharsis, and finally self understanding.
Dramaturgy or Drama Therapy is the intentional use of drama or theatre processes to achieve therapeutic goals. Irving Goffman coined Dramaturgy as a way for humans (actors) to understand the roles we play in life (stage).This type of group is an active, experiential approach to facilitating change. Through the use of storytelling, projective play, improvisation, and performance, participants are invited to rehearse desired behaviors, practice being in relationships, expand and find flexiblity between life roles and perform the change they wish to be.
The use of drama, theatre, and the arts lead to another group process called Psychodrama. JL Moreno founded Psychodrama as a way for an individual to have psychotherapy within the group context. The other group members play various parts or roles in the story being dramatized on the stage they share.